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The Bachelor of Arts in Law Enforcement (B.A LE) degree program was established at the University of Dar es Salaam School of Law (UDSoL) in the 2009/2010 academic year. It was established in response to a specific request by the former Inspector General of Tanzania Police (IGP), Mr. Said Mwema, to the former Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic), Prof. Makenya Maboko, aimed at producing police officers who are capable of coping with the challenges of the fast globalized world. However, the Team that was formed by the DVC (Academic) to investigate and recommend the establishment of the program proposed the creation of a multi-disciplinary degree program to cater for all law enforcement agencies and not only to the Police, hence, a Bachelor of Arts in Law Enforcement.


The DVC (Academic) appointed a Team which, inter alia, was tasked to investigate the feasibility and desirability of establishing a specifically designed academic program that caters for the request of the IGP. After various consultations with stakeholders; both from within the University, the Police Force, and other sectors, the Team came to the conclusion that:


  1. Establishing a program for academic studies to cater for Police is very relevant and has come at an opportune time while the University through its strategic transformation is trying to develop and provide programmes that are demand driven.
  2. While establishing a degree specifically for police officers is desirable, the degree to be established should as much as possible reflect law enforcement in general which will embrace the other law enforcement agencies (LEAs) like the prisons, immigration, fire and rescue services etc. In this regard, the Team recommended the degree program to be called a Bachelor of Arts in Law Enforcement (BALE).
  3. While the Terms of References (ToRs) for the Team required them to recommend the desirability of establishing both undergraduate degree and postgraduate degree, the Team recommended that postgraduate degree program can be easily established in future once the undergraduate programme is up and running.
  4. The proposed degree program should be a 3-year program whose courses will be fully semester compliant in line with the established University of Dar es Salaam policy.
  5. Since the program is a multi-disciplinary, several units within the University will be involved in teaching courses under this program. However, the program will be hosted by the University of Dar es Salaam School of Law which offers a Bachelor of Law degree (LL.B) and postgraduate programs in law.




Law enforcement studies, particularly police studies at the university level are not a new phenomenon. In China, the Central Police University has a history dating back to 1936. In the United States of America, following the pioneering work at the Indiana University, there are now more than 11 universities that have established the Department of Police Administration. Many other universities have developed police courses that are available for academic studies. For example, at the University of California, there is long-standing cooperation between the university and the police department in training police officers. At Michigan State University, there is the School of Police Administration and Public Safety. In Europe, there are reports from the surveys of the European systems of police education and training. This shows that in more than 9 countries there are undergraduate programmes for police education or law enforcement programs, for example in the Netherlands, Finland, UK, Belgium, Turkey, Greece, Switzerland, Slovak, Ukraine, Croatia and Hungary.


Increasingly the management of law enforcement training is drawing from university resources. This is because the universities have pools of human resources for expert training. The law enforcement institutions cannot, on their own develop all the required internal expertise for the vast area requiring training. In any case, training needs are diverse. These include personal development of the law enforcement personnel, acquiring special expertise for example in forensic studies, money laundering, anti-terrorism, cyber crimes and improving the management and administration of the law enforcement units and institutions. Alongside, there is also the objective of creating a pool of graduates available for employment in various sectors of law enforcement, including, but not limited to the following:


  1. The Police Force (TPF)
  2. The Prison Services (TPS)
  3. The Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB)
  4. The Immigration Services (IS)
  5. The Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA)
  6. The Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA)
  7. The Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA)
  8. The Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority (EWURA)
  9. The Surface and Marine Transport Regulatory Authority (SUMATRA), etc.

The programme came to existence in 2009/2010 academic year after being approved, and thus five (7) cohorts have graduated since then until 2018. In the year 2019, about 50 students are expected to graduate.



Prepared by BALE Coordinator &

Head of Private Law (Dr. J. Jesse).

June, 2019.

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